Migraine headache is the pulsating or throbbing pain usually on one side of the head, associated with vomiting, nausea, sleep disruption, depression and sensitivity to sound, light and smell. Silent migraine is a type of migraine that does not include the headache. It might sound strange, but it is actually not that uncommon. Silent migraine is known by many other names such as eye migraine, acephalgic migraine, migraine equivalent, ocular migraine, visual migraine, migraine aura without headache and painless migraine. Depression, odors, genetic disorder, hormonal changes and imbalance in the hormonal levels are common causes of this type of migraine.
Diagnosing Migraine Without Headache
Silent migraine has many symptoms, making it more prone to misdiagnosis. If there is one-sided or any headache, migraine can be suspected. But if there is migraine without headache, correct diagnosis is often missed. It is easy for the migraine without headache to be mistaken for meniere’s disease, hypoglycemia, fibromyalgia, depression and myofascial pain.
Even people suffering from normal migraine get silent migraine from time to time. Learning to read and evaluate own body symptoms and warnings can be very crucial to develop the effective treatment program for the migraine without headache. It can be helpful to keep the little symptom diary in order to identify the patterns that might emerge. Most sufferers of migraine are sensitive to sound and light, and require darkened room. Bending, moving or sudden movement can make the symptoms worse. Main symptoms of migraine without headache are called visual migraine symptoms, and these include seeing flashy lights, tingling experience, dizzy feeling and numbness in fingers. Pain at odd places on the face and double-talking are other rare symptoms mainly found in older women.
Some of the most common symptoms of migraine without headache include vision problems, vomiting, nausea, constipation, dizziness, fever and body pain. Treating the migraine without headache can be difficult as specific triggers in most of the cases are unknown. If the symptoms continue, become worse or lead to headaches, you need to consult your doctor who can prescribe appropriate medicine or treatment.
If you experience migraine aura without headache, consult a neurologist who can investigate the symptoms. Allow the doctor to do all the test he wants, and the main tests will include CT scan, MRI, examination of the eyes and blood tests. When visiting the healthcare provider, explain all the symptoms and family history. Medications for silent migraine are similar to those of regular migraine headache medicine, but nasal sprays and injections are other options, giving more relief.